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SPE 111: Citing in MLA

In Text Citations

Typically a citation is (Lastname pagenumber). at the end of a sentence. 

(Vonnegut 72).


If your work has two authors, list them both with and

(Xi and Lao 103).


Three or more authors? List the first author and add 'et al.' before the page number

(Martinez et al. 5).


No author? Cite a shortened version of the title (and the page numbers if they are included)

(“Ending Aqua-Nullius”).

Full citations

*Keep in mind that not every source will have every bit of information (For instance, not every website will have an author or date published). Include as much as possible*


Author’s Last name, First name. “Title of the Article or Individual Page.” Title of the website, Name of the publisher, Date of publication, URL.

Stevens, Eloise. "SPE 111: Citing in MLA." Westminster Libguides , Westminster College, 13. Sept 2018, 


Author's Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. City of Publication, Publisher, Publication Date.

Sandlin, Eileen Figure, et al. Start Your Own Pet Business and More. Irvine, CA, Entrepreneur Press, 2009. 

Encyclopedia entry:

Author's Last name, First name. "Title of Page." Title of Encyclopedia. edited by Editor's Name(s), Publisher, Year, Page range of entry.

News Article:

Author's Last Name, First Name. "Title of Article: Subtitle if Any." Title of Website, Date of Publication, URL. 
Turner, T., & Orenstein, J. (2018). The easiest pizza you’ll ever make. Washington: WP Company LLC d/b/a The Washington Post. Retrieved from



Creator’s Last name, First name. “Title of the digital image.” Title of the website, First name Last name of any contributors, Version (if applicable), Number (if applicable), Publisher, Publication date, URL.

 Da Vinci, Leonardo. Last Supper. 1498, Santa Maria della Grazie, Milan. "The Last Supper," by Harris, Beth and Steven Zucker, Khan Academy, 2015, Accessed 14 July 2018.