The literature review is an important part of most research papers and is especially useful if you are doing original research. The literature review is typically one of the first sections of your paper.
In the literature review, you establish that you have an understanding of the different parts of the topic and the current and historical conversations on the different aspects of your topic.
The point of a literature review is to educate your reader on the important and relevant research on this topic/question as well as make it clear why your research project is necessary and what it adds to the conversation.
In order to write a really good literature review, you need to select important and relevant sources about your topic, understand them, and have a structure for how you'd like to organize them.
Steps to writing a great literature review:
Reading well and taking good notes are the two most important steps to writing a literature review.
Take good notes while you read, then use a grid/table to lay out sources by theme.
|Theme 1||Theme 2||Theme 3|
|Source 1||In this source the author...||NA||This study did...|
|Source 2||NA||NA||Author notes that..|
|Highlights importance of..||This research was conducted to...||In this source the..|